Patella (kneecap) is an example of a sesamoid bone. Which i of the following terms describes the motion bending the forearm toward the body a) Abduction b)Eversion c) Flexion d) Pronation 13. The purpose of the skull is to protect the brain. Glenoid cavity Correct. Which of the following are classified as flat bones ? This bone classification quiz will test your knowledge on the different bone types that anatomists use. The flat bones are: the occipital, parietal, frontal, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, hip bone (coxal bone), sternum, ribs, and scapulae. Ossification is started by the formation of layers of undifferentiated connective tissue that hold the area where the flat bone is to come. Between the layers of compact bone is the cancellous bone. Match the description with the correct answer: has a length greater than width, Able to withstand heavy loads and absorb shock, Match the type of cartilage to its correct description: Fibrocartilage, Correctly match the bone type with its example: Flat Bone, Form the skeleton of the larynx and reinforce other respiratory passages, Match the following: Respiratory Cartilages, Located in the external ear and epiglottis, Match the type of cartilage to its correct description: Elastic Cartilage, Appositional growth and interstitial growth. a) patella b) vertebrae c) ankle bones d) some cranial bones e) femur. On a baby, those spots are known as fontanelles. The bones in the long axis of the body make up the _____. ; Function of the flat bones Spongy bone is found only in flat and irregular bone, while compact bone is found only in long and short bone. Flat bones are broad bones that provide protection or muscle attachment. b) One bone rotates around another bone. They are composed of two thin layers of compact bone surrounding a layer of cancellous (spongy) bone. Cartilage can grow in which of the following ways? A third type of bone cell found in flat bones is called an osteoclast, which destroys the bone using enzymes. Flat Bones. Bones are not completely smooth surfaces. Examples include the skull and rib bones. Uploaded by: Modout1. Irregular bones, as the name suggests, have an irregular shape. The glenoid cavity is a round flat surface that serves as the socket of the shoulder joint. Spongy bone contains all of the following, EXCEPT _____. These bones are expanded into broad, flat plates, as in the cranium (skull), the ilium (pelvis), sternum and the rib cage. Spongy bone is dense and looks smooth, while compact bone is has small holes of bone Spongy bone is found only in long and short bone, while compact bone is found only in flat and irregular bone. Which of the following is not composed of hyaline cartilage? | EduRev NEET Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 154 NEET Students. The bones of your skull surround and protect your brain and also provide support to your face. The menisci of the knee are made of _____. Flat bones of the skull. Match the description to the correct answer: Bone with a complex shape, Match the description to the correct answer: Approximately equal in length and width. The padlike menisci of the knee joints contain _______. The sternum is an example of a flat bone. Correctly match the bone type with its example: Irregular bone, Correctly match the bone type with its example: Short bone. Many of the bones of your skull are flat bones. Structure of Flat Bones in the Human Body. Which of the following is a canal-like passageway? The sternum is an example of a flat bone. The term “ flat bone ” is somewhat of a misnomer because, although a flat bone is typically thin, it is also often curved. Examples include the cranial (skull) bones, the scapulae (shoulder blades), the sternum (breastbone), and the ribs. (b) it is abundantly found in flat bones such as the skull. The flat bones have two layers of compact bone. Which of the following characteristics of skeletal cartilage limits its thickness? C. Long bones include all limb bones except the patella. The carpals are an example of short bones. The flat bones are thin, as well flattened. The intervening cancellous tissue is called the diploë, and this, in the nasal region of the skull, becomes absorbed so as to leave spaces filled with air–the paranasal sinuses between the two tables.[1]. The term “flat bone” is somewhat of a misnomer because, although a flat bone is typically thin, it is also often curved. A. Short Bones. trabecular bone irregular bone compact bone spongy bone. Identify the socket of the shoulder joint. Vertebrae are an example of sesamoid bone. Which of the following groups of bones in the human body, categorized according to shape, is correct; skull bones-flat bones Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are _____, whereas articulations permitting NO movement ate called _____. c. it is also known as dense bone and consists of units called osteons. This hardened matrix forms the body of the bone. Since flat bones are usually thinner than the long bones, they only have red bone marrow, rather than both red and yellow bone marrow (yellow bone marrow being made up of mostly fat). We will make a list of bones of the axial skeletal system by segregating the axial skeleton in the following parts: Skull: A human skull consists of 28 different bones, and is divided into two main parts called the cranium and facial bones. They have a flat shape, not rounded. There are three reasons that osteoclasts are normally used: the first is for the reparation of bones after a break. Flat bone B. Flat bones are long and thin, such as the ulna. A. Flat bones serve as points of attachment for muscles and often protect internal organs. ; The bones of the thorax : The shoulder blade, the ribs and the sternum. Long bones include all limb bones except the patella. D. Sesamoid bones form within certain tendons. (shown in red), This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 79 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flat_bone&oldid=958659087, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Articles needing additional references from November 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 May 2020, at 01:36. Sternum/Breastbone: This is one flat bone that anchors the ribs, and together the sternum and ribs comprise the rib cage. Long bone C. Sesamoid bone D. Short bone Feedback:Correct. They destroy sections of bone that protrude or make reformation difficult. [2], Flat bones in human skeleton. The osteoclasts dissolve the part of the bone that must change. They form a ring in between the membranes, and begin to expand outwards. The spine of the scapula is on the back of the bone and can easily be palpated. The bone marrow fills the space in the ring of osteoblasts, and eventually fills the bony matrix. This is the flat bone that makes up your forehead. Long bone C. Sesamoid bone D. Short bone Feedback: Correct. The fontanelles contain connective tissue stem cells, which form into osteoblasts, which secrete calcium phosphate into a matrix of canals. Which of the following is TRUE about {eq}\rm compact \ bone {/eq}? d. it is the site for a process known specifically as hemopoiesis The flat bones are: the occipital, parietal, frontal, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, hip bone (coxal bone), sternum, ribs, and scapulae. Flat bone B. : (a) it has many interconnecting trabeculae. Question 7 of 25 4.0/ 4.0 Points The patella is an example of which bone classification? Coracoid process Glenoid cavity Lateral border Spine. In the cranial bones, the layers of compact tissue are familiarly known as the tables of the skull; the outer one is thick and tough; the inne… Correctly match the bone type with its example: Flat Bone Form the skeleton of the larynx and reinforce other respiratory passages Match the following: Respiratory Cartilages Which function of bone tissue occurs in the red bone marrow? Which of the following is true with respect to hyaline cartilage? Question 2 2 / 2 pts Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning bones? Which of the following is not a type of bone a) round b) flat c) longd) short 12. There are four major types of bones found in the human body (long, short, flat, and irregular), with two minor types of bones (sesamoid and sutural bones). These canaliculi provide the nutrients needed for the newly transformed osteoblasts, which are now called osteocytes. In an adult, most red blood cells are formed in flat bones. As the name suggests, flat bones are strong flattened plates of bone. Get Answer. After the bone is completely ossified, the osteoblasts retract their calcium phosphate secreting tendrils, leaving tiny canals in the bony matrix, known as canaliculi. As a result, we can walk, grasp objects and breathe, Match the following function of bone to it description: Anchorage. They are also used to obtain necessary calcium that osteoclasts are used is for growing. 11. Cartilage tissue features _______ within small cavities called lacunae. Because of its flat nature, the joint is highly moveable. Flat Bones. Bones serve as an important reservoir for ____________. [1], These bones are composed of two thin layers of compact bone enclosing between them a variable quantity of cancellous bone,[1] which is the location of red bone marrow. Which of the following bones belong to the axial skeleton? d) The rounded, ball-like end of one bone fits into a concave depression of another bone. Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress? They are made of 2 outer layers of smooth, hard, compact bone plus an inner layer of spongy bone tissue -- known as cancellous bone -- which contains bone marrow. Flat bones have marrow, but they do not have a bone marrow cavity. This lesson describes the two major criteria for flat bones of the body, why the term 'flat bone' is a misnomer, and lists the names of the various flat bones in the human body. There are eight cranial bones, each with a unique shape: Frontal bone. As the bone grows, its shape changes. Flat bones are bones whose principal function is either extensive protection or the provision of broad surfaces for muscular attachment. As they expand they make a bony matrix. ; The bones of the hip : The ilium, the ischium and the pubis. The bones in the long axis of the body make up the ________. Correct! Long bones have an irregular structure Correct! Section 6.2. View the step-by-step solution to: Question 3) Which of the following are classified as flat bones? b. it is found on the outside of long bones as well as in the inside of flat bones. Flat bones act as a shield, protecting the brain, heart and other internal organs from trauma. 92. An example of a flat bone is the sternum, an example of a long bone is the femur, and an example of a short bone is a carpal or tarsal. Among the flat bones are the following, which I will explain later: The bones of the skull or cranial vault : Occipital, temporal, sphenoid, frontal, parietal, vomer and lacrimal. Flat bones are made up of a layer of spongy bone between two thin layers of compact bone. Short bones are roughly cube shaped with vertical and horizontal dimensions approximately equal. Flat bones, true to their name, are flat, thin, curved bones 1. short bone - carpal bone b. long bone – vertebra c. irregular bone – femur d. flat bone - phalanges of the toes e. short bone – humerus Uploaded by: BrannonP (shown in red), Flat bones in human skull. [1] In the cranial bones, the layers of compact tissue are familiarly known as the tables of the skull; the outer one is thick and tough; the inner is thin, dense, and brittle, and hence is termed the vitreous (glass-like) table. Correctly match the bone type with its example: Sesamoid Bone, Match the description to the correct answer: Sesame seed-shaped bone formed in a tendon, Cover the ends of most bones at moveable joints, Match the following: Articular cartilages. Flat bones … These bones are expanded into broad, flat plates, as in the cranium (skull), ilium (pelvis), sternum, rib cage, sacrum, and scapula. Examples include the cranial (skull) bones, the scapulae (shoulder blades), the sternum (breastbone), and the ribs. Dec 05,2020 - Which of the following is a flat bone-a)Tibiab)Tarsalc)Malleusd)SternumCorrect answer is option 'D'. This can be found in the OpenStax Overview of Anatomy and Physiology section. These cells are responsible for the general maintenance of the bone. These bones are expanded into broad, flat plates,[1] as in the cranium (skull), the ilium (pelvis), sternum and the rib cage. B. Irregular bones include the vertebrae and hip bones. Another name for skeletal muscle is a) cardiac muscle b) visceral muscle c) voluntary muscle 14. Can you explain this answer? it is a type of bone that contains numerous large spaces. c) The flat articular surfaces of Iwo bones glide past one another. Flat bones serve as points of attachment for … Hyoid bone and the vertebrae are examples of irregular bones. A. It also forms the upper portion of your eye sockets. Sesamoid bones form within certain tendons. Short bones include the bones of the wrist and ankle. Question 10 of 25 4.0/ 4.0 Points The patella is an example of which bone classification? Note: some anatomists do classify bones differently, so some answers may vary. Flat bones are bones whose principal function is either extensive protection or the provision of broad surfaces for muscular attachment. This can be found in the OpenStax Overview of Anatomy and Physiology section. It is a flat bone and it takes a significant direct blow to cause a fracture. Flat bones is a type of bone that includes many bones of the human skeleton. They consist primarily of spongy bone, which is covered by a thin layer of compact bone. 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